By now, the Laboratory is well-established as a collaborative center, and hence has achieved the original aim to provide a resource and an impetus for incorporation of biological measures by research undertaken in a wider range of everday settings. Some collaborations have extended over several projects, while others have been focused around a single problem.

Current Fieldwork:

Adrian Angold, psychiatrist, and Jane Costello, behavioral epidemiologist (Duke University)
Field site: Great Smoky Mountains Study [GSMS]: 11 counties of western North Carolina; 2 study groups: 1150 population-based sample, 450 Cherokee total age-appropriate sample. Collection commenced 1992 and continues through present on cohorts initially aged 9, 11, and 13 years.
Topic: large longitudinal study of physical maturational and social-contextual risk or protective factors for psychopathology in adolescents. My Grant Foundation-funded collaborative study runs parallel with their NIMH-funded one concerning predictors of psychiatric service use in adolescence.
Topic: pilot study of cortisol reactivity and immunocompetence in subgroup of Year 1 collections stratified by high vs. low ecological stress
Field site: Caring for Children in the Community (CCC): 4 counties of central North Carolina, a population-based sample of 1150 in a region that is 52% African American. Collection commenced 1996 and continues to 1999.
Topic: same as for GSMS, the aim being to replicate findings from GSMS and to compare psychiatric needs and risk structures in another regional and ethnic subpopulation

Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus (University of California, Los Angeles)
Field site: South Africa
Topic: Use of biomarkers in behavioural intervention

Cathy Spatz Widom, psychologist (John Jay College, City University of New York)
Field site: United States of America
Topic: Intergenerational Transmission of Neglect and Abuse

Completed Fieldwork:

Cynthia Beall, biological anthropologist (Case Western University)
Field site: Bolivia (field collections 1994-5)
Topics: a. comparative genetic study of Bolivian and Tibetan adaptation to high altitude, with regard to oxygen saturation.
b. sample collections for lifespan endocrinology
Field site: Tibet, village and nomad populations in northwest at 13,000' (field collections, 1993-4; 1997-9)
Topics: a. comparative genetic study, described above
b. metabolic and body compositional adaptations to seasonality
c. sample collections for lifespan endocrinology
Collection just commenced for study of fitness effects of oxygen saturation genotypes

Ben Campbell, biological anthropologist (Carolina Population Study Center)
Field site: Zimbabwe (field collections 1993); samples from 2 urban, 2 rural secondary schools
Topics:changes in sexual attitudes and behaviors in relation to maturational endocrine and morphological change among male school attenders ages 11-23 years, as a risk factor for STDs

Carol Jenkins, biological anthropologist (Now deceased; formerly of the Papua New Guinea Medical Research Institute and the International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
Field site: Amele, lowland Papua New Guinea
Topic: a. determinants of fertility, and maternal and child well-being in a relatively well-nourished coastal population
b. lifespan endocrinology
Field site: Hagahai, fringe Shrader Range, Papua New Guinea
Topics: a. health and child development in a remote, recently-contacted highland foraging population
b. lifespan endocrinology

Catherine Panter-Brick, biological anthropologist (Durham, UK)
Field site:Salme, Nepal
Topic:comparative study of postpartum prolactin and ovarian function in relation to nursing patterns in Tamang and Kami women
Field sites: Kathmandu and Salme, Nepal (collections 1994-5)
Topic: physical and psychosocial well-being in street children of Kathmandu, contrasted with that of urban squatter, urban middle class, and rural villagers children in intact families

Bettina Shell-Duncan, biological anthropologist (U. Washington)
Field site:Korr, Kenya (field collections 12/96-1/97)
Topic:methodological study contrasting data from two measures of immunocompetence (delayed-type hypersensitivity [DTH] and EBV [Epstein Barr Virus antibodies]) in relation to nutritional status and morbidity patterns in Rendille children ages 7-10 years.

Virginia Vitzthum, biological anthropologist (UC Riverside)
Field site:urban La Paz (field collections 1995)
Topics:relationship of ovarian cycle phase to acute effects of exercise on circulating steroid and protein hormones in high altitude women
Field site:rural Bolivia (field collections 1995-6)
Topics:a. replication of the urban La Paz protocol among rural women routinely engaged in heavy physical labor
b. social status, workload, and stress among rural Bolivian men

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